ISSN 2149-7893 | E-ISSN 2536-507X
Original Article
Effects of Parent Characteristics on the Presence and the Progression of Retinopathy of Prematurity
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey  
Cyprus J Med Sci ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/cjms.2019.787
Key Words: Retinopathy of prematurity, risk factors, parent characteristics, parental age, parental smoking
Abstract

 

BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of maternal and paternal risk factors in the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

 

MATERIAL and METHODS: The medical records of premature infants examined between 2015 and 2018 were included in this retrospective study. Gestational age, birth weight, sex, time spent in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal and paternal age, level of education, employment and smoking were noted.

 

RESULTS: The data of 438 infants who were screened for ROP were included. Mean gestational age was 31.9 ± 2.9 weeks, mean birth weight was 1727.8 ± 543.7 gr, mean time spent in NICU was 36.5 ± 24.5 days. Lower gestational age, lower birth weight and more time spent in NICU significantly increased the presence of any stage and treatment requiring ROP (p<0.001). Maternal and paternal age, smoking, education level and employment did not have any significant relation with the presence of any stage or treatment requiring ROP (p>0.05).

 

CONCLUSION: The major risk factors for ROP are gestational age, birth weight and time spent in NICU where infants get supplemental oxygen. There wasn’t any relation between paternal demographics and the presence of any stage and treatment requiring ROP.

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