ISSN 2149-7893 | E-ISSN 2536-507X
Original Article
Prevalence of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus in Various Seafood Consumed in North Cyprus
1 Department of Food Engineering, Near East University School of Engineering, Nicosia, Cyprus  
2 Department of Food Technology, Kaduna Polytechnics, Kaduna, Nigeria  
3 Health Sciences Vocational School, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus  
4 Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Near East University School of Medicine, Nicosia, Cyprus  
Cyprus J Med Sci 2018; 3: 54-58
DOI: 10.5152/cjms.2018.338
Key Words: Vibrio parahaemolyticus, prevalence, seafood, North Cyprus

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in various finfish and shrimps consumed in North Cyprus.


MATERIAL and METHODS: A total of 150 seafood samples were collected from major seafood retail markets and sea coasts of Famagusta, Kyrenia, Nicosia, and Morphou regions, and they were examined for the prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus. After the removal of the hard shell, the gills and intestines of each fish and whole shrimps were separately enriched and isolated on Thiosulfate-citrate-bile salts-sucrose (TCBS) agar. Suspect isolates were selected for biochemical identification and confirmation by the BD Phoenix Instrument.


RESULTS: None of the samples contained V. parahaemolyticus. However, Photobacterium damselae and Providencia rettgeri were detected in 20% of sea bass and sea bream fish species from Kyrenia and Morphou regions. The concentrations of these pathogenic bacteria were >105 cfu/mL (minimum infective dose).


CONCLUSION: V. parahaemolyticus were not detected in any of the examined fish samples taken from different regions of the TRNC. However, seafood consumed in North Cyprus might be a source of other bacterial pathogens, such as P. damselae (formerly V. damsela) and P. rettgeri, because the concentrations of these bacteria in the intestines of sea bass and sea bream fishes from Kyrenia and Morphou regions, respectively, were found to be >105 cfu/mL (minimum infective dose). It is highly recommended to investigate the occurrence and epidemiology of P. damselae and P. rettgeri in various seafood products because they are pathogenic in both humans and animals.

Cite this article as
: Kademi HI, Zebere GC, Güvenir M, Adun P, Susever S, Süer K . Prevalence of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus in Various Seafood Consumed in North Cyprus. Cyprus J Med Sci 2018; 3: 54-8.

Key Words
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