Oral and Dental Health in Paediatric Oncology Patients
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Oral and Dental Health in Paediatric Oncology Patients

Cyprus J Med Sci 0;0(0):0-0
1. Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Near East University Faculty of Dentistry, Nicosia, North Cyprus
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Received Date: 08.04.2024
Accepted Date: 19.04.2024
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ABSTRACT

It is aimed to underline the importance of recognising that paediatric cancer patients should be refereed to paediatric dentists to establish preventive and restorative treatment plans before starting to cancer therapy, as they are highly susceptible to oral health issues. Oral complications are three times more common in paediatric oncology patients than adults and constitute the primary non-hematologic side effect of cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Children undergoing immunosuppressive oncology treatments, are susceptible to developing acute and long-term oral and dental complications. Current guidelines advise that children undergo an oral examination before commencing cancer therapy. A pre-treatment examination helps in forming a dentist-child relationship prior to the emergence of oral complications associated with cancer treatment. According to the American Academy of Paediatric Dentistry these patients are considered as in high-risk group and they should visit dentist in every 3 months. Fluoride serves as a preventive precaution against dental caries and the literature extensively documents the anticariogenic advantages of fluoride therapy. The primary target of paediatric dentist is to educate these patients and their families on preventing oral health problems.

Keywords: Cancer, children, healthcare

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