Cyprus Journal of Medical Sciences
Review

Dog Bites and Their Treatment in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

1.

Department of Pathophysiology, Sarajevo University Veterinary Faculty, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegowina

2.

Deparment of Enviromental Health-Epidemiology, Sarajevo University School of Health Studies, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegowina

3.

Emergency Medicine Clinic, University Clinical Center Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegowina

4.

Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Sarajevo, School of Medicine, Bosnia and Herzegovina

5.

Surgery clinic, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

6.

Department of Surgery, University of Tuzla, School of Medicine, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cyprus J Med Sci 2019; 4: 136-140
DOI: 10.5152/cjms.2019.868
Read: 94 Downloads: 56 Published: 29 August 2019

Cohabitation of humans and dogs often results in dog bites that may lead to severe health risks due to viral, bacterial, and parasitic zoonoses. Dog bites result in wounds and the dysfunction of damaged tissues, as well as possible infection, alongside the risk of rabies and tetanus, if appropriate and timely treatment is not administered. Pediatric and geriatric patients, as well as pregnant women, are the most vulnerable categories, being the most susceptible to psychological trauma. Research results suggest that in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H) during the 1996–2005 period, there were 6.9% more bites inflicted by dogs of known owners compared to the number of bites inflicted by stray dogs, but during the 2006–2010 period, this the percentage increased in favor of stray dogs. Dog bites are a serious social problem and pose a potential health risk due to viral, bacterial, parasitic, and fungal zoonoses. Timely and adequate treatment of bite wounds and the implementation of rabies-postexposure prophylaxis can significantly reduce health risks in patients who have suffered dog bites.

 

Cite this article as: Katica M, Obradović Z, Ahmed NH, Dervišević E, Dervišević S. Dog Bites and Their Treatment in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Cyprus J Med Sci 2019; 4(2): 136-40.

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ISSN2149-7893 EISSN 2536-507X
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