Cyprus Journal of Medical Sciences
Original Article

Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage Among Health Workers in a University Hospital in Northern Cyprus

1.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University of Kyrenia School of Medicine, Cyprus

2.

Department of Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology, Near East University School of Medicine, Nicosia, Cyprus

3.

Department of Infectious and Clinical Microbiology, Near East University School of Medicine, Nicosia, Cyprus

Cyprus J Med Sci 2021; 6: 234-236
DOI: 10.5152/cjms.2020.1041
Read: 192 Downloads: 68 Published: 07 April 2020

BACKGROUND/AIMS

This study aimed to evaluate the Hepatitis B vaccination coverage rates among health care workers (HCWs) in a university hospital in Northern Cyprus.

MATERIAL and METHODS

Our sample comprised 486 HCWs. The study was performed retrospectively on a group of 486 HCWs whose blood serum samples were evaluated in the microbiology laboratory of the hospital. Laboratory tests were conducted for the identification of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HBs. Those who were HBsAg-positive were excluded. All the data were obtained from the hospital records and were analyzed using the SPSS (Statistical Package of the Social Sciences) Demo Ver 22 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) statistical software. 

RESULTS

Four of the 486 HCWs were HBsAg positive and were excluded from the study. From the 482 HCWs in the study group, 113 (23.4%) were men and 369 (76.6%) were women; the average patient age was 36.11±11.25 years (20–71 years). Among them, 270 (56%) were nurses, 93 (19.3%) were technicians, 77 (16%) were cleaning personnel, and 42 (8.7%) were doctors. Total 375 (77.8%) HCWs were anti-HBs positive, and 107 (22.2%) were negative. Statistically, significantly more physicians, nurses, and technicians were found to be immune to hepatitis B virus than other hospital workers. The immunity rate of hetatitis B in cleaning personnel was significantly lower compared to doctors, nurses and technicians ( p<0.0001).

CONCLUSION

The current vaccination coverage among HCWs at the university hospital is as high as in developed countries. Despite a high level of acceptance, nearly 1/5th of the HCWs remains vulnerable to the infection. Efforts to target the unvaccinated staff should be encouraged.

Cite this article as: Evren EU, Güler E, Hakan E, Süer K. Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage Among Health Workers in a University Hospital in Northern Cyprus. Cyprus J Med Sci 2020; 5(1): 6(3): 234-236.

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