Cyprus Journal of Medical Sciences
Original Article

How To Achieve Effective Teamwork: The View of Mental Health Professionals

1.

Koç University School of Nursing, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Nursing, Ankara University School of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Department of Nursing, Yeditepe University School of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey

Cyprus J Med Sci 2019; 4: 235-241
DOI: 10.5152/cjms.2019.1009
Read: 488 Downloads: 235 Published: 23 December 2019

BACKGROUND/AIMS

The nature of multidisciplinary teamwork in mental health care is diverse and complex. However, effective teamwork is still one of the main means to achieve the expected outcomes in the mental health field. Since teamwork requires face-to-face relationships, it is important to sharing meanings to provide effective care. This study aimed to explore how mental health professionals describe teamwork and to reveal difficulties they face and provide solutions from their own professional standpoint.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS

This exploratory qualitative study was conducted at psychiatry departments of three university hospitals. The critical case technique was used as a purposive sampling method. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 health professionals, including psychiatrists, nurses, social workers, and psychologists who worked at psychiatric inpatient units. Thematic analysis was applied in data evaluation.

 

RESULTS

The themes were categorized under three headings: concepts, barriers, and suggestions. Sharing the tasks and mutual acceptance of roles were the factors most stated as necessary for achieving effective teamwork in the inpatient unit. Avoidance to take responsibility, strict hierarchy, underestimating the roles of other team members, personalization of problems, an inadequate number and qualification of staff, and a rapid staff turnover were remarkable obstacles. Participants stressed the importance of a work environment that focuses on the needs of patients and open communication.

 

CONCLUSION

In this study, we tried to explain the subjective dimension of the possible reasons of the failure to achieve teamwork in mental health care provision. The findings suggest that mental health professionals used similar concepts when explaining teamwork. However, they had different ideas about how to shape and conduct teamwork.

 

Cite this article as: Oflaz F, Ançel G, Arslan F. How To Achieve Effective Teamwork: The View of Mental Health Professionals. Cyprus J Med Sci 2019; 4(3): 235-41.

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ISSN2149-7893 EISSN 2536-507X