Cyprus Journal of Medical Sciences
Original Article

The Relationships Between the Pain Beliefs and Coping Strategies of Palliative Care Patients

1.

Department of Internal Medical Nursing, İnönü University Faculty of Nursing, Malatya, Turkey

2.

Department of Surgical Nursing, İnönü University Faculty of Nursing, Malatya, Turkey

3.

Malatya Training and Research Hospital, Palliative Care Unit, Malatya, Turkey

4.

Division of Nursing, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University Faculty of Health Sciences, Osmaniye, Turkey

Cyprus J Med Sci 2021; 6: 201-207
DOI: 10.5152/cjms.2021.3023
Read: 183 Downloads: 88 Published: 26 August 2021

BACKGROUND/AIMS
This descriptive study aims to determine the relationships between the pain beliefs and coping strategies of palliative care patients.
 

MATERIAL and METHODS 
This study was conducted in the Malatya Training and Research Hospital Palliative Care Clinic from March 10, 2019 to June 10, 2019. The sample consisted of 138 inpatients. The data were collected using a personal information form, the Pain Beliefs Questionnaire, the Pain Coping Questionnaire, and the Palliative Performance Scale. SPSS 18.0 software was used to analyze the data. The required ethical approvals were obtained.
 

RESULTS
The patients’ mean age was 59.01±9.38. Of them, 65.1% were female, and 89.7% were married. Of the patients, 56.3% had completed primary school, and 75.3% were unemployed. Of the patients, 70.5% believed that pain is controlled by God. Their mean organic beliefs score was 3.04±0.38, and their mean psychological beliefs score was 4.83±1.00. Their mean scores for self-management, helplessness, conscious cognitive attempts, and medical remedies were 19.07±5.18, 10.72±3.00, 13.85±4.05, and 11.54±3.08, respectively. Their organic beliefs scores had a negative relationship with self-management scores (p<0.001, r=-392) and conscious cognitive attempts scores (p<0.001, r=-.350), and they had a positive weak relationship with helplessness scores (p<0.001, r=.380).
 

CONCLUSIONS
The pain beliefs of patients in palliative care affect their ability to cope with pain. The planning and implementation of nursing pain management interventions should consider the relationships between the pain beliefs and pain coping strategies of patients.
 

Cite this article as: Menekli T, Doğan R, Erce Ç, Atik D. The Relationships Between the Pain Beliefs and Coping Strategies of Palliative Care Patients. Cyprus J Med Sci 2021; 6(3): 201-207.

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ISSN 2149-7893 EISSN 2536-507X