Cyprus Journal of Medical Sciences
Original Article

The Use of Dietary Supplements Among Public High School Students in North Cyprus

1.

Department of Coaching Education, Near East University, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Nicosia, Cyprus

2.

Department of Biostatistics, Near East University School of Medicine, Nicosia, Cyprus

3.

Department of Sports Medicine, Near East University School of Medicine, Nicosia, Cyprus

Cyprus J Med Sci 2020; 5: 157-162
DOI: 10.5152/cjms.2020.1525
Read: 208 Downloads: 129 Published: 29 June 2020

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The use of dietary supplements is common among adolescents in many countries. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and underlying reasons of usage and sources of information about dietary supplements among public high school students in North Cyprus.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A structured survey measuring behaviors about dietary supplements was administered to 1131 students (514 male and 617 female, aged from 14 to 18). Statistical differences between sex, age group and sports participation were done by using a Chi-square analysis. Differences were considered significant at a p-value <0.05.

RESULTS: Dietary supplements use prevalence was 6,4 % among public high school students, with a higher rate in males (10.7 %) compared to females (2.8 %), and athletes (9.3 %) compared to non-athletes (3.0 %). The most common reason for using dietary supplements was ‘building muscle’ (61.8 %) for males and ‘burning fat’ (29.4 %) for females. The most common source of information was trainers (52.8 %), followed by internet (29.2 %) and other athletes (23.6 %).

CONCLUSION: According to our results, although the rate of dietary supplement use among adolescents in North Cyprus was much less compared to other countries, the behaviors of adolescents about dietary supplements were similar. Therefore, education of the adolescents should be the priority for the intervention programs and the legal regulations must also be done to protect the adolescents from excess, unnecessary and inappropriate use of dietary supplements.

Cite this article as: Erdağ D, Tosun Ö, Yavuz HU. The Use of Dietary Supplements Among Public High School Students in North Cyprus. Cyprus J Med Sci 2020; 5(2): 157-62.

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ISSN2149-7893 EISSN 2536-507X